What Should Every Tourist Know Before Visiting Turkey?

If you’re planning a trip to Turkey, there are a few important things you should know before embarking on your adventure. From its rich history and vibrant culture to its stunning landscapes and mouthwatering cuisine, Turkey offers a unique and unforgettable experience for every visitor. Whether you’re exploring the bustling streets of Istanbul, marveling at the ancient ruins of Ephesus, or relaxing on the pristine beaches along the Turquoise Coast, this diverse country has something for everyone. So, let’s dive into what you need to know to make the most of your trip to Turkey!

Visa and travel documents

Visa requirements

Before traveling to Turkey, it is important to check the visa requirements for your country of residence. Citizens of certain countries are eligible for visa-free entry, while others may require a visa. You can check the latest visa regulations on the official website of the Republic of Turkey’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Passport validity

To enter Turkey, your passport must be valid for at least six months from the date of your arrival. It is always a good idea to ensure that your passport meets this requirement before planning your trip.

Electronic visa

Turkey offers an electronic visa (e-visa) system, which allows travelers from eligible countries to apply for their visa online. The e-visa is a convenient and efficient way to obtain your travel authorization. It is advisable to apply for your e-visa well in advance to avoid any last-minute hassles.

Visa cost

The cost of a Turkish visa varies depending on your country of residence. The fees can be paid online during the e-visa application process. It is important to note that the visa fee is non-refundable, even if your application is rejected.

Tourist visa extension

If you wish to extend your stay in Turkey beyond the validity of your tourist visa, you can apply for an extension at the local immigration office. However, visa extensions are subject to approval and not guaranteed. It is best to check the official Turkish government website or consult with a travel agent for the most up-to-date information on visa extensions.

Safety and security

Safety precautions

While Turkey is generally a safe country to visit, it is always advisable to take certain safety precautions. Be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas and tourist attractions. Keep your valuables secure and avoid displaying expensive items. It is also recommended to have a copy of your passport and important travel documents stored in a safe place.

Emergency numbers

It is important to familiarize yourself with the emergency numbers in Turkey. The general emergency number is 112, which can be dialed for medical emergencies, police assistance, or to request a fire department response. Additionally, there are specific hotlines for tourist assistance, such as 155 for police services and 156 for tourism police.

Health and travel insurance

Before traveling to Turkey, it is essential to have adequate health and travel insurance coverage. In case of any medical emergencies or unforeseen circumstances, having insurance will provide you with peace of mind. Ensure that your insurance policy covers medical expenses, hospitalization, and emergency evacuation.

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Political and security situation

Like any other country, Turkey has its own political and security considerations. It is advisable to stay informed about the current situation in the country by regularly checking travel advisories issued by your government. By staying informed, you can make informed decisions and take necessary precautions during your visit to Turkey.

Climate and weather


Turkey experiences different seasons throughout the year. The country generally has a Mediterranean climate, with hot summers and mild winters. The seasons can be categorized as spring (March to May), summer (June to August), autumn (September to November), and winter (December to February).

Temperature range

The temperature in Turkey can vary depending on the region and season. During the summer months, temperatures can reach as high as 40°C (104°F) in some areas, while winter temperatures can drop as low as 0°C (32°F) in certain regions. It is important to pack clothing suitable for the expected temperature range during your visit.


Precipitation in Turkey varies across different regions and seasons. The coastal areas experience more rainfall during the winter months, while the central and eastern parts of the country receive less precipitation overall. It is advisable to check the weather forecast for the specific region you plan to visit and pack accordingly.

Clothing and packing

When planning your clothing for a trip to Turkey, consider the season and the activities you will be participating in. During the summer months, lightweight and breathable clothing is recommended, along with sunscreen and a hat for protection against the sun. In the winter, pack warm clothing, including layers and a good quality jacket. It is also a good idea to pack comfortable walking shoes, as Turkey has many ancient sites and natural wonders to explore.

Currency and payment methods

Turkish lira

The official currency of Turkey is the Turkish lira (TRY). It is advisable to have some local currency on hand for smaller purchases and when traveling to more remote areas where credit cards may not be widely accepted.

Exchange rates

Exchange rates can fluctuate, so it is recommended to check the rates at authorized currency exchange offices or banks. Avoid exchanging money at unauthorized outlets, as they may offer unfair rates. It is also important to check any fees or commissions that may be charged for currency exchange.

Accepted currencies

While Turkish lira is the widely accepted currency in Turkey, some establishments may also accept major foreign currencies like the US dollar and euro. However, it is always advisable to have Turkish lira for your day-to-day transactions to ensure smooth transactions and to avoid any potential confusion.

Credit cards and ATMs

Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities and tourist areas in Turkey. However, it is advisable to carry some cash as well, as not all establishments may accept cards. ATMs are readily available throughout the country, allowing you to withdraw cash in Turkish lira using your debit or credit card. Keep in mind that some ATMs may charge a fee for international transactions, so it is best to check with your bank before traveling.

Language and communication

Turkish language basics

While many people in Turkey speak English, it is always helpful to know a few basic Turkish phrases. This will not only enhance your travel experience but also show respect to the local culture. Learn greetings like “Merhaba” (Hello) and “Teşekkür ederim” (Thank you) to make friendly connections with locals.

English proficiency

In popular tourist areas and cities, many people, particularly those working in the tourism industry, have a good command of English. However, it is not a universal language throughout the country. In less touristy areas, you may encounter fewer English speakers, so having some basic Turkish phrases and a translation app can be beneficial.

Translation services

If you require professional translation services during your stay in Turkey, there are numerous translation agencies available. These agencies provide services like document translation, interpretation, and guidance in various languages. It is advisable to research and contact reputable translation service providers before your trip.

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Mobile and internet coverage

Turkey has a reliable mobile and internet coverage network throughout the country. Most hotels, cafes, and tourist areas offer free Wi-Fi, allowing you to stay connected with your loved ones back home. In addition, it is fairly easy to purchase a local SIM card at the airport or mobile phone shops, providing you with affordable mobile data during your stay.

Cultural etiquette and customs

Greetings and common phrases

Turkey has a rich cultural heritage, and the locals appreciate it when visitors show respect for their customs and traditions. When greeting someone, a simple nod or handshake is appropriate. It is customary to say “Merhaba” (Hello) and “Günaydın” (Good morning) when entering a shop or meeting someone for the first time. Remember to use “Teşekkür ederim” (Thank you) to express gratitude.

Dress code and modesty

Turkey is a predominantly Muslim country, and modesty in dress is highly valued, especially in religious and conservative areas. It is respectful to dress modestly, avoiding revealing clothing and covering your shoulders and knees when visiting mosques or religious sites. In tourist areas and beach resorts, modest attire is more relaxed, but it is still appreciated to respect local customs.

Public displays of affection

Public displays of affection, such as kissing or hugging, are not common in Turkish culture and may be seen as inappropriate in certain settings. It is best to exercise discretion and respect cultural norms during your visit.

Religious customs and practices

Turkey is home to various religious practices, including Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. When visiting places of worship, such as mosques or churches, it is important to dress respectfully and follow any guidelines or rules set by the religious authorities. It is also customary to remove shoes before entering a mosque and avoid engaging in loud or disruptive behavior.

Transportation within Turkey

Domestic flights

Turkey has a well-developed domestic flight network, making it easy to travel between major cities and tourist destinations. Domestic airlines provide regular flights with various options for different budgets. It is advisable to book domestic flights in advance to secure the best deals and to ensure a smooth travel experience.

Trains and buses

Trains and buses offer convenient and affordable transportation options for traveling within Turkey. The railway network connects major cities, while buses cover even the most remote areas. Both options provide an opportunity to enjoy the picturesque landscapes of the country. It is important to check the schedules, book tickets in advance, and familiarize yourself with the departure and arrival points.

Dolmuş and taxis

Dolmuş, a shared minibus service, is a popular mode of transportation in Turkey. They follow specific routes and pick up passengers along the way. Dolmuş are a cost-effective option for short distances and are readily available in cities and towns. Taxis are also widely available, particularly in urban areas. It is advisable to ensure that the taxi is metered or negotiate the fare before boarding.

Renting a car

Renting a car can be a convenient option for exploring Turkey independently. Many international and local car rental companies operate in major cities and airports. It is important to have a valid international driver’s license and familiarize yourself with the traffic rules and regulations before driving in Turkey. It is also recommended to have comprehensive insurance coverage for the rented vehicle.

Driving rules and licenses

If you plan to drive in Turkey, it is essential to understand and adhere to the driving rules and regulations. In Turkey, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road. A valid international driver’s license is required, along with the appropriate insurance coverage. It is advisable to familiarize yourself with the local road signs, speed limits, and parking regulations.

Popular tourist destinations


Istanbul, the cultural and historical hub of Turkey, is a must-visit destination. Explore iconic landmarks like the Hagia Sophia, the Blue Mosque, and the Topkapi Palace. Wander through the vibrant streets of the Grand Bazaar and experience the unique blend of Eastern and Western cultures that Istanbul offers.

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Cappadocia is known for its otherworldly landscape, with its unique rock formations and cave dwellings. Take a hot air balloon ride at sunrise to witness the breathtaking views from above. Explore the ancient underground cities and hike through the stunning valleys to truly appreciate the beauty of this enchanting region.


The ancient city of Ephesus is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a testament to the rich history of Turkey. Explore the well-preserved ruins, including the Library of Celsus, the Grand Theatre, and the Temple of Artemis. Immerse yourself in the fascinating stories of this once-thriving city.


Pamukkale, meaning “Cotton Castle” in Turkish, is famous for its natural thermal pools and terraces. The mineral-rich waters cascade down the white travertine terraces, creating a stunning landscape. Take a dip in the thermal pools and marvel at the surreal beauty of this unique natural wonder.


Antalya is a popular beach resort destination located on the Turkish Riviera. With its crystal-clear waters, sandy beaches, and ancient ruins, Antalya offers a perfect combination of relaxation and history. Explore the ancient city of Perge, visit the Antalya Museum, and indulge in the vibrant nightlife of this coastal paradise.

Must-try Turkish cuisine

Traditional dishes

Turkish cuisine is renowned for its rich flavors and diverse dishes. Don’t miss the opportunity to try traditional dishes like kebabs, mezes (appetizers), and pide (Turkish pizza). Sample the famous Turkish breakfast, complete with cheeses, olives, eggs, and freshly baked bread.

Street food

Turkey is a paradise for food lovers, with its vibrant street food culture. Indulge in delicious treats like simit (sesame bread rings), gözleme (savory pancakes), and döner kebab. Explore local food markets and try authentic street food delicacies that reflect the true flavors of Turkey.

Turkish tea and coffee

Turkish tea, or çay, is a staple throughout the country. Enjoy a cup of black tea brewed in a traditional Turkish teapot and served in small, tulip-shaped glasses. Turkish coffee is another popular beverage, known for its strong flavor and unique brewing method. Savor these hot beverages while indulging in Turkish hospitality.

Dining customs

When dining out in Turkey, it is customary to leave a small tip, usually around 10% of the total bill. The service charge may already be included, so it is best to check the bill before leaving an additional tip. Also, remember that Turks enjoy their meals at a leisurely pace, so be patient and savor the culinary experience.

Useful tips for travelers

Tipping etiquette

Tipping is a common practice in Turkey, particularly in restaurants and cafes. While it is not mandatory, it is considered polite to leave a small tip as a gesture of appreciation for good service. Typically, a tip of around 10% of the bill is customary, although this can vary depending on the level of service received.

Negotiating prices

In Turkish markets and bazaars, it is common to negotiate prices with vendors. Bargaining is part of the shopping experience, and with some friendly haggling, you may be able to secure a better deal. Be polite and respectful during the negotiation process, and remember that it is all part of the cultural exchange.

Bargaining at markets

When shopping in markets or bazaars, it is important to bargain for better prices. Start by offering a lower price than the vendor’s initial asking price, and be prepared to meet somewhere in the middle. Remember to maintain a friendly and respectful tone during the bargaining process.

Drinking tap water

While tap water is generally safe to drink in major cities and tourist areas, it is advisable to check with locals or your accommodation provider to ensure the water quality. If in doubt, it is safer to drink bottled water, which is readily available throughout Turkey.

Local customs and traditions

Turkey is a country rich in customs and traditions. Embrace the local culture by being respectful and open-minded. Accept invitations for tea, engage in friendly conversations with locals, and learn about the customs associated with religious and cultural practices. By doing so, you will have a truly immersive and memorable experience in Turkey.

By following these tips and being well-prepared, you can make the most of your visit to Turkey and have a memorable trip filled with cultural exploration, culinary delights, and unforgettable experiences. Enjoy your time in this beautiful country and embrace the warm hospitality and rich heritage that Turkey has to offer!